Maqam Ajam مقام عجم This basic maqam uses the ajam mode, transposition of the chahargah on B flat, which is sometimes called ajam ushayran in reference to its lower tonic B flat. Indeed, its peculiarity is to begin on the tonic and to end on the tonic an octave lower. It is performed without any rhythmic accompaniment, the measured introduction not being considered an integral part of the maqam. *
First part: - Measured instrumental introduction. - Improvised introduction on the santur, presenting the maqam. (0:38) - Tahrir in ajam mode on the words faryade men jenejanem. (1:08) - Instrumental part on the joza picking up the tahrir melody. (1:37) - Three verses representing the melody of the tahrir interspersed with improvised pieces on the santur and joza. (1:57) - Cadenza jalsa proceeding by movements from B flat towards D then from G towards the lower B flat. (7:29)
Second part: - Meyana in bayat mode composed of three parts sung to the words nazenine men, jahane men, ouh, and followed by a descent towards the tonic B flat on the words umide man. (7:58) - Piece Saba including two sung verses in saba mode announcing the return of ajam. (8:48) - Final teslim, a descent from B flat to the one an octave lower. - Peste, Kul lahdha ammur aliek to the 10/16 jurjina rhythm. (next video)
The qasida is by the Egyptian poet Hafidh Ibrahim (1871-1932):
لقد نصلَ الدجى فمتى تنامُ * أَهمٌّ ذادَ نومكَ أَم هـيامُ غفا المحزونُ وَالشاكي وَأَغفى * أَخو البلوى وَنـامَ المستهامُ وَأَنـتَ تقلبُ الكقينِ آناً * وَآوِنةً يقلـبـكَ السـقامُ تحدرت المدامع منك حتى * تعلم من محاجرك الغمامُ بربك هل رجعت الى رسيس * من الذكرى و هل عاد الغرامُ
The night is hiding from view, when will you sleep? Is it anxiety or passion? All are dozing, the sad, the suffering, the oppressed and the lover, And you, sometimes you move your hands, sometimes the ill moves you. So great has been your weeping that the clouds draw lessons from your lids. For pitys sake, have you returned to memories roots, and is love alive again?
* Commentary by Scheherazade Qassim Hassan
Vocals: Yusuf Omar (d. 1987) Santur: Abdallah Ali Joza: Shaoubi Ibrahim al-Adhami (d. 1991) Joza: Hassan Ali al-Naqib (d. 1986) Tabla: Abdul Razzaq Majid Raqq: Kanan Mohammed Salih Daff zinjari: Dhia Mahmoud Ahmed Choir: Ali al-Dabbou, Abdul Wahid Zaidan, Falih Jawhar, Abdul Qadir